Hapkido Technical Overview

All Hapkido techniques cover offensive and defensive situations, against single and multiple attackers from standing, ground and airborne positions. Stances are transitional from defensive, relaxed and attacking stances. There are roughly 4000 techniques covered throughout the original Hapkido curriculum, which when intuitively combined can create thousands of variations. Even an experienced martial artist of any style is sure to learn a wealth of knowledge at HCA.

Hapkido techniques fall into three basic categories:

Empty hands against empty hands

Empty hands against weapons

Weapons against weapons

These are broken down into the following groups:

Empty Hands Against Empty Hands

Defence Against Punches and Hand Strikes

Defence Against Kicks

Defence Against Uniform Grabs

Defence Against Body Holds
(eg. wrist, hair, bear hug etc.)

Defence Against Chokes

Defence Against Joint Locks

Defence Against Throws

Ground Defences

Defence Using One or No Arms

Attacking Techniques

Defence Against Multiple Attackers

Against Weapons




Long Staff





Cane technique
Belt technique

Collectively the above categories are broken down again by the following seven technique areas:

1. Striking

Hand Strikes

Elbow Strikes

Standing Kicks

Knee Strikes

Ground Kicks

Jumping Kicks

2. Blocking

Avoiding & Parrying

Hand & Arm Blocks

Shielding Blocks

Kick Blocks

Kicks used to Block

Blocking Weapons

3. Grappling

Wrist Locks

Elbow Locks

Shoulder Locks

Finger Locks

Leg Locks


Pressure Points

4. Throwing


Hand Throws

Hip Throws

Leg Throws

Shoulder Throws

Sacrifice Throws

Kick-Counter Throws

5. Weapons


Short Stick


Long Staff




6. Internal Breathing and Meditation

Various forms of breathing and meditation are used to focus the mind, increase concentration, enhance physical performance, and improve health. Many breathing stances throughout our curriculum are performed from traditional stances such as eagle, falcon and nae ga shin jang.

7. Healing

Basic first aid and revival techniques are attained at Instructor level whereas more sophisticated healing techniques are acquired at Master level through the study of a specific healing art of choice such as massage, chiropractic or acupuncture.

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