Technical Overview of Hapkido

All Hapkido techniques cover offensive and defensive situations, against single and multiple attackers from standing, ground and airborne positions. Stances are transitional from defensive, relaxed and attacking stances. There are roughly 4000 techniques covered throughout the original Hapkido curriculum, which when intuitively combined can create thousands of variations. Even an experienced martial artist of any style is sure to learn a wealth of knowledge at HCA.

Hapkido techniques fall into three basic categories:

  1. Empty Hands Against Empty Hands
  2. Empty Hands Against Weapons
  3. Weapons Against Weapons

These are broken down into the following groups:

  • Empty Hands Against Empty Hands
  • Defence Against Punches and Hand Strikes
  • Defence Against Kicks
  • Defence Against Uniform Grabs
  • Defence Against Body Holds (eg. wrist, hair, bear hug etc.)
  • Defence Against Chokes
  • Defence Against Joint Locks
  • Defence Against Throws
  • Ground Defences
  • Defence Using One or No Arms
  • Attacking Techniques
  • Defence Against Multiple Attackers
  • Against Weapons
  • Knife
  • Short-Stick
  • Towel/Belt/Rope
  • Long Staff
  • Cane
  • Sword
  • Handgun
Belt technique

Collectively the above categories are broken down again by the following seven technique areas:

  1. Striking
    -Hand Strikes
    -Elbow Strikes
    -Standing Kicks
    -Knee Strikes
    -Ground Kicks
    -Jumping Kicks
  2. Blocking
    -Avoiding & Parrying
    -Hand & Arm Blocks
    -Shielding Blocks
    -Kick Blocks
    -Kicks used to Block
    -Blocking Weapons
  3. Grappling
    -Wrist Locks
    -Elbow Locks
    -Shoulder Locks
    -Finger Locks
    -Leg Locks
    -Chokes
  4. Throwing
    -Breakfalls
    -Hand Throws
    -Hip Throws
    -Leg Throws
    -Shoulder Throws
    -Sacrifice Throws
    -Kick-Counter Throws
  5. Weapons
    -Knife
    -Short Stick
    -Towel/Rope/Belt
    -Long Staff
    -Cane
    -Sword
    -Handgun
  6. Internal Breathing and Meditation
    Various forms of breathing and meditation are used to focus the mind, increase concentration, enhance physical performance, and improve health. Many breathing stances throughout our curriculum are performed from traditional stances such as eagle, falcon and Nae Ga Shin Jang.
  7. Healing
    Basic first aid and revival techniques are attained at Instructor level whereas more sophisticated healing techniques are acquired at Master level through the study of a specific healing art of choice such as massage, chiropractic or acupuncture.
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