Technical Overview of Hapkido
Technical Overview of Hapkido
Fri Dec 10 2021

All Hapkido techniques cover offensive and defensive situations, against single and multiple attackers from standing, ground and airborne positions. Stances are transitional from defensive, relaxed and attacking stances. There are roughly 4000 techniques covered throughout the original Hapkido curriculum, which when intuitively combined can create thousands of variations. Even an experienced martial artist of any style is sure to learn a wealth of knowledge at HCA.

Hapkido techniques fall into three basic categories:

  • Empty hands against empty hands
  • Empty hands against weapons
  • Weapons against weapons

We can break dowwn Hapkido self defence further into:

  • Strikes
  • Blocks
  • Grapling/Joint Locks
  • Throws
  • Weapons


Striking includes techniques such as Punching and Kicking including:

  • Hand Strikes
  • Elbow Strikes
  • Standing Kicks
  • Knee Strikes
  • Ground Kicks
  • Jumping Kicks


Reinforcing the philosophy of redirection of force, Hapkido uses many different blocking and dodging techniques. These include:

  • Avoiding & Parrying
  • Hand & Arm Blocks
  • Shielding Blocks
  • Kick Blocks
  • Kicks used to Block
  • Blocking Weapons

Grapling/Joint Locks

A large part of Hapkidos uniqe self defence is its joint lock techniques, were we utilise phisiology of the human body to imobilise our opponents. Joint lock techniques can include:

  • Wrist Locks
  • Elbow Locks
  • Shoulder Locks
  • Finger Locks
  • Leg Locks
  • Chokes
  • Pressure Points


Hapkido utilise many variations of throwing techniques including:

  • Hand Throws
  • Hip Throws
  • Leg Throws
  • Shoulder Throws
  • Sacrifice Throws
  • Kick-Counter Throws
  • Leg Sweep

HCA Falcons Throwing

Throwing Technique


In Hapkido we use weapons for self defence, however we also learn patterns and such to under stand the movements required to weild the weapon. Weapons we learn at HCA include:

  • Knife
  • Short Stick
  • Towel/Rope/Belt
  • Long Staff
  • Cane
  • Nunchuck
  • Sword

Belt Technique

Belt Technique

Rhys Ly
Certified 2nd Dan Instructor at HCA Ermington
2nd Dan